House Dogs and Sporting Dogs
Published in 1861
The English Terrier.
There are two varieties of this
dog:—one, used as a toy dog, and bred
with a view to his ornamental points; the other, a heavier, stronger
and gamer dog, which has probably at some period received a cross of
the Toy Terrier, the colouring,
which is always black and tan, should be deep and rich: the coat
should be fine and exceedingly glossy, and not a single white
hair should be seen on any part of it.
palate and nose should be black. The ears are
generally cropped; and some importance is attached to the way in
which the operation has been performed.
legs should be light, but strong and straight: the feet fine,
round and split up like a hare's. The tail should be thin in
bone, with little hair, and should be carried low/
head should be narrow, high in the forehead, and the jaw
strong, but tapering to the nose. The eye small and bright.
chest should be deep, and the neck and shoulders well covered
with muscle but not heavy.
London fanciers have crossed the Toy Terrier
both with the Italian Greyhound and the King Charles's Spaniel: the
latter cross destroys all symmetry of shape and beauty of coat, and
the result is a short-nosed, large-eyed dog, with loose skin, and a
thick coat, pretty enough in his way, but without any of the
characteristic points of the Terrier.
general rule, the eye should be the first point looked at in
the Terrier; and if it be full and
prominent, or watery, the dog may be rejected at once.
cross with the Italian Greyhound is difficult to detect; but long,
thin legs, the back ribs much caught up, and a shrinking timid
manner in the dog may be always suspected as evidences of this
weight should not be over 6 lbs., but is often only 3 or 41bs. At
the dog show held in December 1860 at Birmingham, the maximum was
fixed at 5 lbs., but I have seen a full-grown
Toy Terrier which weighed only 1| lb.; so small a dog as
this, however, is an abortive and imperfect animal, he seldom lives
longer than a few months, his intellect is defective, his body
stunted and weakly, and he can afford no rational satisfaction to
larger English Terrier has all the
points of the toy dog, from which he
only differs in possessing greater size, strength, and pluck. He is
oftener, however, white, or white with red or black patches; and
this, together with his greater courage, has led to
the supposition that he has some Bulldog blood in, him, though he
does not possess those marks -which betoken a near cross with that
breed, and which I shall mention when describing the
English Terrier averages in weight 8 lbs.
It is a
current axiom among dog fanciers that no gameness can. be got in any
dog, without a taint, or cross, of the Bulldog. The
Bull-terrier is a signal proof of this theory; for the pure
Terrier, though active, is by no means
distinguished for pluck; whereas the Bull-terrier
is scarcely inferior in this quality to the Bulldog himself, and
in vivacity and activity he surpasses him.
Bull-terrier varies greatly, according to
the predominance of either the Terrier or
the Bulldog blood. It is difficult, however, to decide from the
appearance of the dog, how much he owes to each breed. As a rule, when
the nose is short, and the jaw much underhung, the bulldog predominates;
but this is not invariable, for it is no unusual to see both long and
short faced puppies in the same litter of Bull-terriers...