American Kennel Club
Manchester Terriers (Toy & Standard)
A small, black, short-coated
dog with distinctive rich mahogany markings and a taper style tail. In
structure the Manchester presents a sleek, sturdy, yet elegant look, and
has a wedge-shaped, long and clean head with a keen, bright, alert
expression. The smooth, compact, muscular body expresses great power and
agility, enabling the Manchester to kill vermin and course small game.
Except for size and ear options, there are no differences between
the Standard and Toy varieties of the Manchester Terrier. The Toy is a
diminutive version of the Standard variety.
The Toy variety shall not exceed 12
pounds. It is suggested that clubs consider dividing the American-bred
and Open classes by weight as follows: 7 pounds and under, over 7 pounds
and not exceeding 12 pounds.
The Standard variety shall be over 12
pounds and not exceeding 22 pounds. Dogs weighing over 22 pounds shall
be disqualified. It is suggested that clubs consider dividing the
American-bred and Open classes by weight as follows: over 12 pounds and
not exceeding 16 pounds, over 16 pounds and not exceeding 22 pounds.
The Manchester Terrier, overall, is slightly longer than tall. The
height, measured vertically from the ground to the highest point of the
withers, is slightly less than the length, measured horizontally from
the point of the shoulders to the rear projection of the upper thigh.
The bone and muscle of the Manchester Terrier is of sufficient mass to
ensure agility and endurance.
The Manchester Terrier has a keen and
alert expression. The nearly black, almond shaped eyes are small,
bright, and sparkling. They are set moderately close together, slanting
upwards on the outside. The eyes neither protrude nor sink in the skull.
Pigmentation must be black.
Correct ears for the Standard variety
are either the naturally erect ear, the cropped ear, or the button ear.
No preference is given to any of the ear types. The naturally erect ear,
and the button ear, should be wider at the base tapering to pointed
tips, and carried well up on the skull. Wide, flaring, blunt tipped, or
"bell" ears are a serious fault. Cropped ears should be long, pointed
and carried erect.
The only correct ear for the Toy variety is
the naturally erect ear. They should be wider at the base tapering to
pointed tips, and carried well up on the skull. Wide, flaring, blunt
tipped, or "bell" ears are a serious fault. Cropped, or cut ears are a
disqualification in the Toy variety.
The head is long, narrow,
tight skinned, and almost flat with a slight indentation up the
forehead. It resembles a blunted wedge in frontal and profile views.
There is a visual effect of a slight stop as viewed in profile.
The muzzle and skull are equal in length. The muzzle is well filled
under the eyes with no visible cheek muscles. The underjaw is full and
well defined and the nose is black.
Tight black lips lie close to
the jaw. The jaws should be full and powerful with full and proper
dentition. The teeth are white and strongly developed with a true
scissors bite. Level bite is acceptable.
Neck, Topline, Body
The slightly arched neck
should be slim and graceful, and of moderate length. It gradually
becomes larger as it approaches, and blends smoothly with the sloping
shoulders. Throatiness is undesirable. The topline shows a slight arch
over the robust loins falling slightly to the tail set. A flat back or
roached back is to be severely penalized. The chest is narrow between
the legs and deep in the brisket. The forechest is moderately defined.
The ribs are well sprung, but flattened in the lower end to
permit clearance of the forelegs. The abdomen should be tucked up
extending in an arched line from the deep brisket. The taper style tail
is moderately short reaching no further than the hock joint. It is set
on at the end of the croup. Being thicker where it joins the body, the
tail tapers to a point. The tail is carried in a slight upward curve,
but never over the back.
The shoulder blades and the upper
arm should be relatively the same length. The distance from the elbow to
the withers should be approximately the same as the distance from the
elbow to the ground. The elbows should lie close to the brisket. The
shoulders are well laid back. The forelegs are straight, of
proportionate length, and placed well under the brisket. The pasterns
should be almost perpendicular. The front feet are compact and well
arched. The two middle toes should be slightly longer than the others.
The pads should be thick and the toenails should be jet black.
The thigh should be muscular with
the length of the upper and lower thighs being approximately equal. The
stifle is well turned. The well let down hocks should not turn in nor
out as viewed from the rear. The hind legs are carried well back. The
hind feet are shaped like those of a cat with thick pads and jet black
The coat should be smooth, short, dense,
tight, and glossy; not soft.
The coat color should be jet black and
rich mahogany tan, which should not run or blend into each other, but
abruptly form clear, well defined lines of color. There shall be a very
small tan spot over each eye, and a very small tan spot on each cheek.
On the head, the muzzle is tanned to the nose. The nose and nasal bone
are jet black. The tan extends under the throat, ending in the shape of
the letter V. The inside of the ears are partly tan. There shall be tan
spots, called "rosettes," on each side of the chest above the front
legs. These are more pronounced in puppies than in adults. There should
be a black ""thumbprint" patch on the front of each foreleg at the
pastern. The remainder of the foreleg shall be tan to the carpus joint.
There should be a distinct black "pencil mark" line running lengthwise
on the top of each toe on all four feet. Tan on the hind leg should
continue from the pencilling on the toes up the inside of the legs to a
little below the stifle joint. The outside of the hind legs should be
black. There should be tan under the tail, and on the vent, but only of
such size as to be covered by the tail.
White on any part of the
coat is a serious fault, and shall disqualify whenever the white shall
form a patch or stripe measuring as much as one half inch at its longest
Any color other than black and tan shall be
Color and/or markings should never take precedence
over soundness and type.
The gait should be free and effortless with
good reach of the forequarters, showing no indication of hackney gait.
Rear quarters should have strong, driving power to match the front
reach. Hocks should fully extend. Each rear leg should move in line with
the foreleg of the same side, neither thrown in nor out. When moving at
a trot, the legs tend to converge towards the center of gravity line
beneath the dog.
The Manchester Terrier is neither
aggressive nor shy. He is keenly observant, devoted, but discerning. Not
being a sparring breed, the Manchester is generally friendly with other
dogs. Excessive shyness or aggressiveness should be considered a serious
over 22 pounds.
Toy variety-Cropped or cut ears.
varieties--White on any part of the coat whenever the white shall form a
patch or stripe measuring as much as one half inch at its longest
Any color other than black and tan.
Approved June 10, 1991
Effective July 31, 1991